Superior/Inferior and Cranial/Caudal

In humans:

Superior: Up/above along the axis of upright posture (upwards in standard anatomical position). This is also called “Cranial” or sometimes “Cephalic”.

Inferior: Down/below along the axis of upright posture. This is equivalent to “Caudal”.

 

Greek lesson:

Cephalic comes from the Greek word κεφάλι which means head.

Cranial comes from κρανίο, which means skull.

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